GHRSST NOAA/STAR GOES-16 ABI L2P America Region SST v2.70 dataset in GDS2

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Citation metrics available for years (2014-2022)
Processing Level2P
Start/Stop Date2017-Dec-15 to Present
Short NameABI_G16-STAR-L2P-v2.70
DescriptionGOES-16 (G16) is the first satellite in the US NOAA third generation of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES), a.k.a. GOES-R series (which will also include -S, -T, and -U). G16 was launched on 19 Nov 2016 and initially placed in an interim position at 89.5-deg W, between GOES-East and -West. Upon completion of Cal/Val in Dec 2018, it was moved to its permanent position at 75.2-deg W, and declared NOAA operational GOES-East on 18 Dec 2018. NOAA is responsible for all GOES-R products, including Sea Surface Temperature (SST) from the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI). The ABI offers vastly enhanced capabilities for SST retrievals, over the heritage GOES-I/P Imager, including five narrow bands (centered at 3.9, 8.4, 10.3, 11.2, and 12.3 um) out of 16 that can be used for SST, as well as accurate sensor calibration, image navigation and co-registration, spectral fidelity, and sophisticated pre-processing (geo-rectification, radiance equalization, and mapping). From altitude 35,800 km, G16/ABI can accurately map SST in a Full Disk (FD) area from 15-135-deg W and 60S-60N, with spatial resolution 2km at nadir (degrading to 15km at view zenith angle, 67-deg) and temporal sampling of 10min (15min prior to 2 Apr 2019). The Level 2 Preprocessed (L2P) SST product is derived at the native sensor resolution using NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) system. ACSPO first processes every 10min FD data SSTs are derived from BTs using the ACSPO clear-sky mask (ACSM; Petrenko et al., 2010) and Non-Linear SST (NLSST) algorithm (Petrenko et al., 2014). Currently, only 4 longwave bands centered at 8.4, 10.3, 11.2, and 12.3 um are used (the 3.9 microns was initially excluded, to minimize possible discontinuities in the diurnal cycle). The regression is tuned against quality controlled in situ SSTs from drifting and tropical mooring buoys in the NOAA iQuam system (Xu and Ignatov, 2014). The 10-min FD data are subsequently collated in time, to produce 1-hr L2P product, with improved coverage, and reduced cloud leakages and image noise, compared to each individual 10min image. In the collated L2P, SSTs and BTs are only reported in clear-sky water pixels (defined as ocean, sea, lake or river, and up to 5 km inland) and fill values elsewhere. The L2P is reported in netCDF4 GHRSST Data Specification version 2 (GDS2) format, 24 granules per day, with a total data volume of 0.6GB/day. In addition to SST, ACSPO files also include sun-sensor geometry, four BTs in ABI bands 11 (8.4um), 13 (10.3um), 14 (11.2um), and 15 (12.3um) and two reflectances in bands 2 and 3 (0.64um and 0.86um; used for cloud identification). The l2p_flags layer includes day/night, land, ice, twilight, and glint flags. Other variables include NCEP wind speed and ACSPO SST minus reference SST (Canadian Met Centre 0.1deg L4 SST; available at ). Pixel-level earth locations are not reported in the granules, as they remain unchanged from granule to granule. To obtain those, user has a choice of using a flat lat-lon file, or a Python script, both available at Per GDS2 specifications, two additional Sensor-Specific Error Statistics layers (SSES bias and standard deviation) are reported in each pixel. The ACSPO VIIRS L2P product is monitored and validated against in situ data (Xu and Ignatov, 2014) using the Satellite Quality Monitor SQUAM (Dash et al, 2010), and BTs are validated against RTM simulation in MICROS (Liang and Ignatov, 2011). A reduced size (0.2GB/day), equal-angle gridded (0.02-deg resolution), ACSPO L3C product is also available at , where gridded L2P SSTs are reported, and BT layers omitted.
Swath Width7 km
Name: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 16 (GOES-16)
Orbit Period: 0.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 0.0 degrees
Name: Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI)
Swath Width: 7000.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

ProjectGroup for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST)
Data ProviderPublisher: PO.DAAC
Release Place: Camp Springs, MD (USA)
Release Date: 2019-May-15

Keyword(s)GHRSST, SST, GOES16, G16, OSPO, STAR, v2.70, ACSPO
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Spatial Resolution: 2000 Meters x 2000 Meters
Temporal Resolution: Hourly - < Daily
Region: Western Atlantic
North Bounding Coordinate: 59 degrees
South Bounding Coordinate: -59 degrees
West Bounding Coordinate: -135 degrees
East Bounding Coordinate: -15 degrees
Time Span: 2017-Dec-15 to Present
Granule Time Span: 2017-Dec-15 to 2024-Jul-18
Swath Width: 7 km
Projection Type: Satellite native view / two vertical cells blended
Projection Detail: Geolocation information included for each pixel
Ellipsoid: WGS 84
NameLong NameUnit
brightness_temperature_08um6brightness temperature for 8.6 um channelkelvin
brightness_temperature_10um4brightness temperature for 10.4 um channelkelvin
brightness_temperature_11um2brightness temperature for 11.2 um channelkelvin
brightness_temperature_12um3brightness temperature for 12.3 um channelkelvin
dt_analysisdeviation from SST referencekelvin
l2p_flagsL2P flags
nix coordinate of projectionradians
njy coordinate of projectionradians
quality_levelquality level of SST pixel
satellite_zenith_anglesatellite zenith angledegrees
sea_ice_fractionsea ice fraction1
sea_surface_temperaturesea surface sub-skin temperaturekelvin
sses_biasSSES bias estimatekelvin
sses_standard_deviationSSES standard deviationkelvin
sst_dtimetime difference from reference timeseconds
timereference time of sst fileseconds since 1981-01-01 00:00:00
wind_speedwind speedm s-1
Citation is critically important for dataset documentation and discovery. Please cite the data as follows, and cite the reference papers when it is appropriate.
Citation NOAA/NESDIS/STAR. 2019. GHRSST L2P ACSPO America Region SST from GOES-16 ABI. Ver. 2.70. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at

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For more information see Data Citations and Acknowledgments.

Journal Reference Gladkova, I., A. Ignatov, F. Shahriar, Y. Kihai, D. Hillger, B. Petrenko. 2016. Improved VIIRS and MODIS SST Imagery, Remote Sensing, 8, 1.

VersionDatasetVersion DateStatus
2.90GHRSST L2P NOAA/ACSPO GOES-18/ABI West America Region Sea Surface Temperature v2.90 dataset2021-10-18ACTIVE2021-10-18T23:48:00.000Z
2.71GHRSST NOAA/STAR GOES-17 ABI L2P America Region SST v2.71 dataset in GDS22021-10-18COMPLETE2021-10-18T23:48:00.000Z
2.70GHRSST NOAA/STAR GOES-16 ABI L2P America Region SST v2.70 dataset in GDS22021-09-27ACTIVE2021-09-27T23:03:00.000Z