GHRSST Level 2P Global 1m Sea Surface Temperature from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the NOAA-19 satellite produced by NAVO

3 Publications Cited this Dataset
Citation metrics available for years (2014-2022)
Processing Level2P
Start/Stop Date2013-Sep-24 to 2021-Jan-06
Short NameAVHRR19_G-NAVO-L2P-v1.0
DescriptionA global Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) Level 2P dataset based on multi-channel sea surface temperature (SST) retrievals generated in real-time from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the NOAA-19 platform (launched 6 Feb 2009) produced and used operationally in oceanographic analyses and forecasts by the US Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVO). The AVHRR is a space-borne scanning sensor on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) family of Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites (POES) having a operational legacy that traces back to the Television Infrared Observation Satellite-N (TIROS-N) launched in 1978. AVHRR instruments measure the radiance of the Earth in 5 (or 6) relatively wide spectral bands. The first two are centered around the red (0.6 micrometer) and near-infrared (0.9 micrometer) regions, the third one is located around 3.5 micrometer, and the last two sample the emitted thermal radiation, around 11 and 12 micrometers, respectively. The legacy 5 band instrument is known as AVHRR/2 while the more recent version, the AVHRR/3 (first carried on the NOAA-15 platform), acquires data in a 6th channel located at 1.6 micrometer. Typically the 11 and 12 micron channels are used to derive SST sometimes in combination with the 3.5 micron channel. The NOAA platforms are sun synchronous generally viewing the same earth location twice a day (latitude dependent) due to the relatively large AVHRR swath of approximately 2400 km. The highest ground resolution that can be obtained from the current AVHRR instruments is 1.1 km at nadir. AVHRR data are acquired in three formats: High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT), Local Area Coverage (LAC), and Global Area Coverage (GAC). HRPT data are full resolution image data transmitted to a ground stations as they are collected. LAC are also full resolution data, but the acquisition is prescheduled and recorded with an on-board tape recorder for subsequent transmission during a station overpass. This particular dataset is produced from GAC data that are derived from an on-board sample averaging of the full resolution global AVHRR data. Four out of every five samples along the scan line are used to compute on average value and the data from only every third scan line are processed, yielding an effective 4 km resolution at nadir. Further binning and averaging of these pixels results in a final dataset resolution of 8.8 km.
Swath Width2400 km
Name: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-19 (NOAA-19)
Orbit Period: 102.12 minutes
Inclination Angle: 98.74 degrees
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)
Swath Width: 2400.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

ProjectGroup for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST)
Data ProviderPublisher: Naval Oceanographic Office
Creator: Naval Oceanographic Office
Release Place: Stennis Space Center, MS, USA
Release Date: 2014-Oct-27

Keyword(s)GHRSST, sea surface temperature, L2P, sst, surface temperature, NAVO, navo
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Spatial Resolution: 8800 Meters x 8800 Meters
Temporal Resolution: Hourly - < Daily
Region: GLOBAL
North Bounding Coordinate: 80 degrees
South Bounding Coordinate: -70 degrees
West Bounding Coordinate: -180 degrees
East Bounding Coordinate: 180 degrees
Time Span: 2013-Sep-24 to 2021-Jan-06
Granule Time Span: 2013-Sep-24 to 2021-Jan-06
Swath Width: 2400 km
Projection Type: Satellite native swath
Projection Detail: Geolocation information included for each pixel
Ellipsoid: WGS 84
NameLong NameUnit
adi_dtime_from_ssttime difference of ADI measurement from SST measurementhour
aerosol_dynamic_indicatoraerosol optical depthcount
dt_analysisdeviation from sst reference climatologykelvin
l2p_flagsL2P flags
quality_levelquality level of SST pixel
satellite_zenith_anglesatellite zenith angleangular degree
sea_surface_temperaturesea water temperature at 1 meter depthkelvin
sses_biasSSES bias errorkelvin
sses_standard_deviationSSES standard deviation errorkelvin
sst_dtimetime difference from reference timesecond
timereference time of sst fileseconds since 1981-01-01 00:00:00
wind_speedwind speedm s-1
Citation is critically important for dataset documentation and discovery. Please cite the data as follows, and cite the reference papers when it is appropriate.
Citation Naval Oceanographic Office. 2014. N-19 AVHRR GAC L2P swath SST data set. Ver. 1. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at

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