RapidScat Level 1B Time-Ordered Geo-Located Sigma-0 Version 1.1
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Short NameRSCAT_L1B_V1.1
DescriptionThis dataset contains the geo-located Sigma-0 measurements and antenna pulse "egg" and "slice" geometries as derived from ephemeris and the Level 1A dataset. The pulse "egg" represents the complete footprint of the pulse, which has a spatial geometry of approximately 25 km by 35 km. There are 8 slices that constitute the range-binned components of a pulse each of which has a spatial geometry of approximately 25 km by 7 km. The orientation of the long dimension of the slices varies with the rotation of the antenna and thus does not align with the along/across track orientation of the wind vector grid in the L2B/L2A products. Data are provided in single-orbit files in HDF-4 format. RapidScat is a Ku-band dual beam circular rotating scatterometer retaining much of the same hardware and functionality of QuikSCAT, with exception of the antenna sub-system and digital interface to the International Space Station (ISS) Columbus module, which is where RapidScat is mounted. The NASA mission is officially referred to as ISS-RapidScat. Unlike QuikSCAT, ISS-RapidScat is not in sun-synchronous orbit, and flies at roughly half the altitude with a low inclination angle that restricts data coverage to the tropics and mid-latitude regions; the extent of latitudinal coverage stretches from approximately 61 degrees North to 61 degrees South. Furthermore, there is no consistent local time of day retrieval. Caution: this dataset is intended for expert use only. If you must use RapidScat Sigma-0 data but you are unsure about how to use the L1B data record, please consider using either of the following L2A datasets: 1) http://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/dataset/RSCAT_L2A_12KM_V1.1 or 2) http://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/dataset/RSCAT_L2A_25KM_V1.1.
Dataset TypeOPEN
Processing Level1B
CoverageRegion: Global
Northernmost Latitude: 61 degrees
Southernmost Latitude: -61 degrees
Westernmost Longitude: 0 degrees
Easternmost Longitude: 360 degrees
Time Span: 2014-Oct-03 to 2016-Mar-10
Granule Time Span: 2014-Oct-03 to 2016-Mar-10
ResolutionSpatial Resolution: 7 km (Along) x 25 km (Across)
Ellipsoid: WGS 84
Latency hours
Swath Width900000 m
Sample Frequency89
Temporal Repeat (Nominal)12 Hour
Temporal Repeat (Min)1.5 Hour
Temporal Repeat (Max)3 Day
Name: International Space Station (ISS)
Orbit Period: 92.91 minutes
Inclination Angle: 51.65 degrees
Ascending Node: 1970-Jan-01 00:00:00
Name: Rapid Scatterometer (RapidScat)
Swath Width: 1100 km
Description: The ISS RapidScat instrument is a speedy and cost-effective replacement for NASA's QuikScat Earth satellite, which monitored ocean winds to provide essential measurements used in weather predictions, including hurricane monitoring.

ProjectInternational Space Station Rapid Scatterometer (ISS_RapidScat)
Data ProviderCreator: RapidScat Project
Release Place: PO.DAAC
Release Date: 2015-Sep-01
Resource: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/fact_sheets/issrapidscat_factsheet.pdf
Keyword(s)international space station, space station, iss, rapidscat, rscat, iss-rapidscat, radar, ocean, roughness, ocean roughness, backscatter, normalized radar cross-section, normalized radar cross section, nrcs, dB, sigma-0, sigma0, sigma naught, scatterometer, seawinds, L1B, L1, 1B, Level 1B, Level 1, version 1, v1, version 1.1, v1.1, V1.1, 1.1
Questions related to this dataset? Contact podaac@podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
Project Materials
ISS-RapidScat Fact Sheethttp://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/fact_sheets/issrapidscat_factsheet.pdf
Summary of Facts on the ISS-RapidScat Mission
Additional Sites
eoPortal Directory for ISS-RapidScathttps://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/i/iss-rapidscat
Detailed background information on the ISS-RapidScat mission published by the eoPortal.
Known Issues
RapidScat Scheduled Outageshttp://manati.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/rscat_images/monitor/RapidScat_Scheduled_Outages.txt
Text file containing reverse chronological list of future scheduled outages and past outages. A start/stop date/time and description is provided for each outage. This list is maintained by NOAA/NESDIS to service near-real-time data users.
Citation RapidScat Project. 2015. RapidScat Level 1B Time-Ordered Geo-Located Sigma-0 Version 1.1. Ver. 1.1. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at https://doi.org/10.5067/RSCAT-L1B01.

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For more information see Data Citations and Acknowledgments.

Journal Reference Fore, A.G., Stiles, B.W., Chau, A.H., Williams, B.A., Dunbar, R. S., Rodriguez E., 2013: Point-wise Wind Retrieval and Ambiguity Removal Improvements for the QuikSCAT Climatological Data Set. IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2235843. [Special Note: This paper describes the wind retrieval algorithm used to process the QuikSCAT version 3 wind product. The RapidScat data was processed using the same technique.]