Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform Ocean Surface Wind Vector L2.5 First-Look SSM/I-F14 Microwave Analyses
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DescriptionThis dataset is derived under the Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform (CCMP) project and contains value-added Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) ocean surface winds from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F14 platform. The CCMP datasets combine cross-calibrated satellite winds obtained from Remote Sensing Systems (REMSS) using a Variational Analysis Method (VAM) to produce a high-resolution (0.25 degree) gridded analysis. Wind directions from the resulting analysis are assigned to the location and time of the satellite-derived wind speed observations to create this value added dataset. The CCMP data set includes cross-calibrated satellite winds derived from SSM/I, SSMIS, AMSR-E, TRMM TMI, QuikSCAT, SeaWinds, WindSat and other satellite instruments as they become available from REMSS. REMSS uses a cross-calibrated sea-surface emissivity model function which improves the consistency between wind speed retrievals from microwave radiometers (i.e., SSM/I, SSMIS, AMSR, TMI, WindSat) and those from scatterometers (i.e., QuikSCAT and SeaWinds). The VAM combines these data with in situ measurements and a starting estimate (first guess) of the wind field. The European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ERA-40 Reanalysis is used as the first-guess from 1987 to 1998. The ECMWF Operational analysis is used from January 1999 onward. All wind observations and analysis fields are referenced to a height of 10 meters. The ERA-40 can be obtained from the Computation and Information Systems Laboratory (CISL) at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR): The ECMWF Operational analysis can also be obtained from CISL at NCAR: Three products are distributed to complete the CCMP dataset series. L3.0 product contains high-resolution analyses every 6-hours. These data are then time averaged over monthly and 5-day periods to derive the L3.5 product. Directions from the L3.0 product are then assigned to the time and location of the passive microwave satellite wind speed observations to derive the L2.5 product. All datasets are distributed on a 0.25 degree cylindrical coordinate grid. This dataset is one in a series of First-Look (FLK) CCMP datasets and is a continuation and expansion of the SSM/I surface wind velocity project that began under the NASA Pathfinder Program. Refinements and upgrades to the FLK version will be incorporated under a new release (date to be determined) known as Late-look (LLK) and may include additional satellite datasets. All satellite surface wind data are obtained from REMSS under the DISCOVER project: Distributed Information Services: Climate/Ocean Products and Visualizations for Earth Research ( The CCMP project is the result of an investigation funded by the NASA Making Earth Science data records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs) program ( In accordance with the MEaSUREs program, the CCMP datasets are also known as Earth System Data Records (ESDRs). In collaboration with private and government institutions, a team led by Dr. Robert Atlas (PI; proposal originally solicited by REASoN, and currently funded by MEaSURES) has created the CCMP project to provide multi-instrument ocean surface wind velocity ESDRs, with wide ranging research applications in meteorology and oceanography.
Dataset TypeOPEN
MeasurementOCEANS > OCEAN WINDS > SURFACE WINDS > Ocean Surface Wind Vectors
Processing Level3
CoverageRegion: Global
Northernmost Latitude: 89.875 degrees
Southernmost Latitude: -89.875 degrees
Westernmost Longitude: 0 degrees
Easternmost Longitude: 360 degrees
Time Span: 1997-May-07 to 2008-Aug-08
Granule Time Span: 1997-May-07 to 2008-Aug-08
ResolutionSpatial Resolution: 0.25 degrees (Latitude) x 0.25 degrees (Longitude)
Temporal Resolution: 12 Hour
ProjectionType: Gridded
Ellipsoid: WGS 84
Latency hours
DMSP 5D-2/F14
Name: Defense Meteorological Satellite Program-F14 (DMSP 5D-2/F14)
Orbit Period: 102 minutes
Inclination Angle: 98.8 degrees
Ascending Node: 1970-Jan-01 00:00:00
Name: Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I)
Swath Width: 1394 km
Description: The Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) flown on board the DMSP F8, F10, F11, F13, F14, and F15 platforms is designed to measure ocean surface wind speed, ice coverage and age, cloud water content, rainfall and atmospheric vertical temperature and humidity profiles.

ProjectMaking Earth Science Data Records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs)
Data ProviderCreator: NASA/GSFC/NOAA
Release Place: PO.DAAC
Release Date: 2009-May-08
Keyword(s)wind data, wind, ocean wind, wind speed, vector, vectors, ocean wind vector, ocean wind vectors, cross-calibrated, multi-platform, ccmp, analysis, analyses, gridded, ssm/i, ssmi, dmsp, f14, assimilated, measures, ecmwf
Persistent IDPODAAC-CCF25-01F14
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Citation NASA/GSFC/NOAA. 2009. Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform Ocean Surface Wind Vector L2.5 First-Look SSM/I-F14 Microwave Analyses. Ver. 1. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at

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For more information see Data Citations and Acknowledgments.

Journal Reference Atlas, R., R. N. Hoffman, J. Ardizzone, S. M. Leidner, J. C. Jusem, D. K. Smith, D. Gombos, 2011: A cross-calibrated, multiplatform ocean surface wind velocity product for meteorological and oceanographic applications. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 157-174. doi: 10.1175/2010BAMS2946.1