Reconstructed Global Mean Sea Level from GRACE and In Situ 1900 to 2018

(JPL_RECON_GMSL)
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DOI10.5067/GMSLT-FJPL1
Short NameJPL_RECON_GMSL
DescriptionThis dataset contains reconstructed global-mean sea level evolution and the estimated contributing processes over 1900-2018. Reconstructed sea level is based on annual-mean tide-gauge observations and uses the virtual-station method to aggregate the individual observations into a global estimate. The contributing processes consist of thermosteric changes, glacier mass changes, mass changes of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheet, and terrestrial water storage changes. The glacier, ice sheet, and terrestrial water storage are estimated by combining GRACE observations (2003-2018) with long-term estimates from in-situ observations and models. Steric estimates are based on in-situ temperature profiles. The upper- and lower bound represent the 5 and 95 percent confidence level. The numbers are equal to the ones presented in Frederikse et al. The causes of sea-level rise since 1900, Nature, 2020.This dataset was produced by the Heat and Ocean Mass from Gravity ESDR (HOMAGE) project, with funding from MeASUREs-2017. HOMAGE is combining satellite observations to create a set of ESDRs that provide a homogeneous basis for accurate and current quantification of the planetary sea level budget, ocean heat content, and large-scale ocean transport variations.
Version1.0
Dataset TypeCOMPLETE
MeasurementOCEANS > SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY > SEA SURFACE HEIGHT
Processing Level4
CoverageRegion: GLOBAL
North Bounding Coordinate: 89.5 degrees
South Bounding Coordinate: -89.5 degrees
West Bounding Coordinate: -180 degrees
East Bounding Coordinate: 180 degrees
Time Span: 1900-Jan-01 to 2018-Dec-31
Granule Time Span: 1900-Jan-01 to 2018-Dec-31
ResolutionSpatial Resolution: 179 degrees (Latitude) x 360 degrees (Longitude)
Temporal Resolution: 1 Year
ProjectionProjection Detail: N/A
Ellipsoid: WGS 84
Platform/Sensor
GRACE-FO
Platform
Name: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On (GRACE-FO)
Orbit Period: -1.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 89.0 degrees
/
GRACE-FO KBR
SENSOR
Name: GRACE-FO K-Band Ranging System (GRACE-FO KBR)
Swath Width: -1.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

GRACE-FO
Platform
Name: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On (GRACE-FO)
Orbit Period: -1.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 89.0 degrees
/
GRACE-FO SCA
SENSOR
Name: GRACE-FO Star Camera Assembly (GRACE-FO SCA)
Swath Width: -1.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

GRACE-FO
Platform
Name: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On (GRACE-FO)
Orbit Period: -1.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 89.0 degrees
/
GRACE-FO ACC
SENSOR
Name: GRACE-FO SuperSTAR Accelerometer (GRACE-FO ACC)
Swath Width: -1.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

GRACE
Platform
Name: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)
Orbit Period: -1.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 89.0 degrees
/
GRACE SCA
SENSOR
Name: Star Camera Assembly (GRACE SCA)

GRACE
Platform
Name: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)
Orbit Period: -1.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 89.0 degrees
/
GRACE KBR
SENSOR
Name: GRACE K-Band Ranging System (GRACE KBR)
Swath Width: -1.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

GRACE
Platform
Name: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)
Orbit Period: -1.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 89.0 degrees
/
GRACE ACC
SENSOR
Name: GRACE SuperSTAR Accelerometer (GRACE ACC)
Swath Width: -1.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

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ProjectMaking Earth Science Data Records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs)
Data ProviderPublisher: JPL
Creator: Frederikse, T.; Landerer, F.; Caron, L.; Adhikari, S.; Parkes, D.; Humphrey V.; Dangendorf, S.; Hogarth, P.; Zanna, L.; Cheng, L.; Wu, Y.
Release Place: JPL
Release Date: 2020-Aug-14
Resource: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2591-3

Keyword(s)GMSL, global mean sea level, sea level, barystatic, terrestrial water storage, HOMAGE, GRACE, GRACE-FO, trend, in situ observations, thermosteric
Questions related to this dataset? Contact podaac@podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
PUBLICATIONS
  • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273117710003236
    Zelensky, N.P., F.G. Lemoine, M. Ziebart, A. Sibthorpe, P. Willis, B.D. Beckley, S.M. Klosko, D.S. Chinn, D.D. Rowlands, S.B. Luthcke, D.E. Pavlis, V. Luceri, DORIS/SLR POD modeling improvements for Jason-1 and Jason-2, Adv. Space Research, 46(12), 1541-1558, 2010. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.008
  • http://europa.agu.org/?view=article
    Beckley, B.D., F.G. Lemoine, S.B. Luthcke, R.D. Ray, and N.P. Zelensky. 2007. A reassessment of TOPEX and Jason-1 altimetry based on revised reference frame and orbits. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L14608, DOI:10.1029/2007GL030002.
  • https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2591-3
    Frederikse, T., F. Landerer, L. Caron, S. Adhikari, D. Parkes, V. Humphrey, S. Dangendorf, P. Hogarth, L. Zanna, L. Cheng, and Y. Wu. 2020. The causes of sea-level rise since 1900. Nature, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2591-3
DATA CITATION POLICY
Citation Frederikse, T.; Landerer, F.; Caron, L.; Adhikari, S.; Parkes, D.; Humphrey V.; Dangendorf, S.; Hogarth, P.; Zanna, L.; Cheng, L.; Wu, Y.. 2020. JPL_RECON_GMSL. Ver. 1.0. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at https://doi.org/10.5067/GMSLT-FJPL1

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For more information see Data Citations and Acknowledgments.

Journal Reference Frederikse, T., Landerer, F., Caron, L. et al. The causes of sea-level rise since 1900. Nature 584, 393397 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2591-3

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