Drifter data for the SPURS-1 N. Atlantic field campaign

Processing Level2
Start/Stop Date2011-Oct-19 to 2015-Apr-07
DescriptionThe SPURS (Salinity Processes in the Upper Ocean Regional Study) project is an oceanographic process study and associated field program that aim to elucidate key mechanisms responsible for near-surface salinity variations in the oceans. The project involves two field campaigns and a series of cruises in regions of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans exhibiting salinity extremes. SPURS employs a suite of state-of-the-art in-situ sampling technologies that, combined with remotely sensed salinity fields from the Aquarius/SAC-D and SMOS satellites, provide a detailed characterization of salinity structure over a continuum of spatio-temporal scales. The SPURS-1 campaign involved a series of 5 cruises during 2012 - 2013 seeking to characterize the salinity structure and balance in a high salinity, high evaporation, and low rainfall region of the subtropical North Atlantic. It aims to resolve processes responsible for maintaining the subtropical surface salinity maximum in this region and within a 900 x 800-mile square study area centered at 25N, 38W. Approximately 83 drifters were deployed during the SPURS-1 campaign. A drifter is a passive Lagrangian sensor platform consisting of a surface buoy and tethered subsurface drogue. Drifter buoys contain GPS/ARGOS and satellite data transmitters, with sensors measuring temperature and other properties. For SPURS-1, these were standard Surface Velocity Program (SVP) drifters with salinity sensors added (SVP/S). Data for both US and European drifter deployments during SPURS-1 are available here. For each series, drifter data have been aggregrated within single netCDF data filea with their corresponding drifter-IDs and associaciated near-surface salinity, temperaure georeferenced (GPS and ARGOS) trajectory series data.
Name: SPURS-I SVP Drifters (Drifter)
Orbit Period: 0.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 0.0 degrees
Name: Conductivity, Temperature, Depth (CTD)
Swath Width: 0.001 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

ProjectNASA Salinity Processes in the Upper Ocean Regional Study (SPURS)
Data ProviderPublisher: SPURS Data Management PI, Fred Bingham
Creator: SPURS PROJECT, Fred Bingham
Release Place: Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography, University on North Carolina, Wilmington, NC, USA
Release Date: 2015-May-11
Resource: http://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/SPURS

Keyword(s)Drifter, trajectory, Salinity, Temperature, surface, Upper Ocean, SPURS1, North Atlantic Ocean, salinity maximum region, insitu, SPURS
Questions related to this dataset? Contact podaac@podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
Spatial Resolution: 1 Meters x 1 Meters
Temporal Resolution: 1 Day
Region: SPURS-1 N.Atlantic Salinity maximum region
North Bounding Coordinate: 35 degrees
South Bounding Coordinate: 16 degrees
West Bounding Coordinate: -66 degrees
East Bounding Coordinate: -28 degrees
Time Span: 2011-Oct-19 to 2015-Apr-07
Granule Time Span: 2011-Oct-19 to 2015-Apr-07
Ellipsoid: WGS 84
NameLong NameUnit
ARGOS_latARGOS latitude of Salinity Drifter measurementdegrees_north
ARGOS_lonARGOS longitude of Salinity Drifter measurementdegrees_east
drifterIDSalinity Drifter instrument idunitless
GPS_latGPS latitude of Salinity Drifter measurementdegrees_north
GPS_lonGPS longitude of Salinity Drifter measurementdegrees_east
salinitySalinity of Salinity Drifter measurementpsu
temperatureSea surface temperature of Salinity Drifter measurementdegrees_C
timeTime of Salinity Drifter measurementseconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 0:00
Citation is critically important for dataset documentation and discovery. Please cite the data as follows, and cite the reference papers when it is appropriate.
Citation SPURS PROJECT, Fred Bingham. 2015. SPURS-1 Field Campaign Drifter Data Products. Ver. 1.0. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at https://doi.org/10.5067/SPUR1-DRIFT

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For more information see Data Citations and Acknowledgments.

Journal Reference L.R.Centurioni, V.Hormann, Y.Chao, G.Reverdin, J.Font, and D.K.Lee. Sea Surface Salinity Observations with Lagrangian Drifters in the Tropical North Atlantic During SPURS: Circulation, Fluxes, and Comparisons with Remotely Sensed Salinity from Aquarius, 2015. Oceanography 28(1):96-105, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.08. Hormann,V., L.R.Centurioni, G.Reverdin. Evaluation of Drifter Salinities in the Subtropical North Atlantic. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 32, no. 1 (2015/01/01 2014): 185-92.