GHRSST Level 4 AVHRR_OI Global Blended Sea Surface Temperature Analysis (GDS2) from NCEI
DOI10.5067/GHAAO-4BC21
Short NameAVHRR_OI-NCEI-L4-GLOB-v2.1
DescriptionA Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) global Level 4 sea surface temperature analysis is produced daily on a 0.25 degree grid at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. This product uses optimal interpolation (OI) by interpolating and extrapolating SST observations from different sources, resulting in a smoothed complete field. The sources of data are satellite (AVHRR) and in situ platforms (i.e., ships, buoys, and Argo floats above 5m depth), and the specific datasets employed may change over time. In the regions with sea-ice concentration higher than 30%, freezing points of seawater are used to generate proxy SSTs. A preliminary version of this file is produced in near-real time (1-day latency), and then replaced with a final version after 2 weeks. The v2.1 is updated from the AVHRR_OI-NCEI-L4-GLOB-v2.0 data. Major improvements include: 1) In-Situ ship and buoy data changed from the NCEP Traditional Alphanumeric Codes (TAC) to the NCEI merged TAC + Binary Universal Form for the Representation (BUFR) data, with large increase of buoy data included to correct satellite SST biases; 2) Addition of Argo float observed SST data as well, for further correction of satellite SST biases; 3) Satellite input from the METOP-A and NOAA-19 to METOP-A and METOP-B, removing degraded satellite data; 4) Revised ship-buoy SST corrections for improved accuracy; and 5) Revised sea-ice-concentration to SST conversion to remove warm biases in the Arctic region (Banzon et al. 2020). These updates only apply to granules after Jan. 1st, 2016. The data pre 2016 are still the same as v2.0 except for metadata upgrades.
Version2.1
Dataset TypeACTIVE
MeasurementSEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > OCEANS > FOUNDATION SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Processing Level4
CoverageNorth Bounding Coordinate: 90 degrees
South Bounding Coordinate: -90 degrees
West Bounding Coordinate: -180 degrees
East Bounding Coordinate: 180 degrees
Time Span: 1981-Sep-01 to Present
Granule Time Span: 2016-Jan-01 to 2020-Oct-15
ResolutionSpatial Resolution: 0.25 degrees (Latitude) x 0.25 degrees (Longitude)
Temporal Resolution: 1 Day
ProjectionEllipsoid: WGS 84
Platform/Sensor
NOAA-11
Platform
Name: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-11 (NOAA-11)
Orbit Period: 102.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 99.0 degrees
/
AVHRR-2
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-2 (AVHRR-2)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

NOAA-14
Platform
Name: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-14 (NOAA-14)
Orbit Period: 102.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 99.0 degrees
/
AVHRR-2
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-2 (AVHRR-2)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

NOAA-9
Platform
Name: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-9 (NOAA-9)
Orbit Period: 102.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 98.0 degrees
/
AVHRR-2
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-2 (AVHRR-2)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

NOAA-16
Platform
Name: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-16 (NOAA-16)
Orbit Period: 102.1 minutes
Inclination Angle: 99.0 degrees
/
AVHRR-3
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-3 (AVHRR-3)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

NOAA-17
Platform
Name: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-17 (NOAA-17)
Orbit Period: 101.2 minutes
Inclination Angle: 98.7 degrees
/
AVHRR-3
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-3 (AVHRR-3)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

NOAA-19
Platform
Name: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-19 (NOAA-19)
Orbit Period: 102.12 minutes
Inclination Angle: 98.74 degrees
/
AVHRR-3
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-3 (AVHRR-3)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

InSitu
Platform
Name: InSitu (InSitu)
Orbit Period: -999.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: -999.0 degrees
/
InSitu
SENSOR
Name: Ships and Moored and Drifting Buoys (InSitu)
Swath Width: -999.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

METOP-A
Platform
Name: Meteorological Operational Satellite - A (METOP-A)
Orbit Period: 101.3 minutes
Inclination Angle: 98.7 degrees
/
AVHRR-3
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-3 (AVHRR-3)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

METOP-B
Platform
Name: Meteorological Operational Satellite - B (METOP-B)
Orbit Period: 101.3 minutes
Inclination Angle: 98.7 degrees
/
AVHRR-3
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-3 (AVHRR-3)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

NOAA-7
Platform
Name: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-7 (NOAA-7)
Orbit Period: 102.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 99.0 degrees
/
AVHRR-2
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer-2 (AVHRR-2)
Swath Width: 2400.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

ProjectGroup for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST)
Data ProviderPublisher: National Centers for Environmental Information
Creator: National Centers for Environmental Information
Release Place: National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, NC, USA
Release Date: 2020-Apr-22
Keyword(s)GHRSST, sea surface temperature, SST, AVHRR, NCEI, OISST, NOAA
Questions related to this dataset? Contact podaac@podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
USER'S GUIDE
GENERAL DOCUMENTATION
Citation National Centers for Environmental Information. 2020. Daily L4 Optimally Interpolated SST (OISST) In situ and AVHRR Analysis. Ver. 2.1. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at https://doi.org/10.5067/GHAAO-4BC21

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