CYGNSS Level 3 Science Data Record Version 2.1

CYGNSS Level 3 Science Data Record Version 2.1
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Short NameCYGNSS_L3_V2.1
DescriptionThis dataset contains the Version 2.1 CYGNSS Level 3 Science Data Record which provides the average wind speed and mean square slope (MSS) on a 0.2x0.2 degree latitude by longitude equirectangular grid obtained from the Delay Doppler Mapping Instrument aboard the CYGNSS satellite constellation. The Level 2 Delay Doppler Map (DDM) data are used in the direct processing of the average wind speed and MSS data that are binned on the Level 3 grid. A subset of DDM data used in the direct processing of the average wind speed and MSS is co-located inside of the Level 2 data files. A single netCDF-4 data file is produced for each day of operation with an approximate 6 day latency. This version supersedes Version 2.0. The reported sample locations are determined by the specular points corresponding to the Delay Doppler Maps (DDMs). The Version 2.0 release represents the second science-quality release. Here is a summary of improvements that reflect the quality of the Version 2.1 data release: 1) first time availability of wind speeds using the Geophysical Model Function (GMF) calibrated for Young Seas with Limited Fetch (YSLF) conditions; 2) inherits all other improvements made to the version 2.1 Level 2 data intended to improve the quality of the wind speed retrievals and uncertainty estimates. For a full list of improvements to the version 2.1 Level 2 data, please refer to the following dataset information page:
Dataset TypeOPEN
MeasurementOceans > Ocean Winds > Surface Winds > Ocean Surface Wind Speed
Atmosphere > Ocean Winds > Surface Winds > Ocean Surface Wind Speed
Processing Level3
CoverageRegion: Global
Northernmost Latitude: 40 degrees
Southernmost Latitude: 40 degrees
Westernmost Longitude: 0 degrees
Easternmost Longitude: 360 degrees
Time Span: 2017-Mar-18 to Present
ResolutionSpatial Resolution: 0.2 degrees (Latitude) x 0.2 degrees (Longitude)
Temporal Resolution: Daily
Ellipsoid: WGS-84
Latency144 hours
Name: Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS)
Orbit Period: 94 minutes
Inclination Angle: 35 degrees
Ascending Node: 1970-Jan-01 00:00:00
Name: Delay Doppler Mapping Instrument (DDMI)
Swath Width: 25 km
Description: Delay Doppler Mapping Instrument (DDMI)

ProjectCyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS)
Data ProviderCreator: CYGNSS
Release Place: PO.DAAC
Release Date: 2018-Sep-21
Keyword(s)cygnss, ddm, ddmi, doppler, delay doppler, delay, specular point, wind, winds, wind speed, version 2.1, v2.1
Questions related to this dataset? Contact
User's Guide
Level 3 Data Dictionary
Deriving Surface Winds from Tropical Cyclones
Project Materials
CYGNSS Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document Level 3 Gridded Wind Speed
Level 3 Gridded Wind Speed Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document, C. Ruf, CYGNSS Project Document 148-0319, Rev 1, 20 Aug. 2018.
CYGNSS Mission Page
Journal References
Ruf et al. 2015 (BAMS)
Ruf, C., R. Atlas, P. Chang, M. Clarizia, J. Garrison, S. Gleason, S. Katzberg, Z. Jelenak, J. Johnson, S. Majumdar, A. O'Brien, D. Posselt, A. Ridley, R. Rose, V. Zavorotny (2015). New Ocean Winds Satellite Mission to Probe Hurricanes and Tropical Convection. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00218.1.
Known Issues
Spacecraft Attitude Tables
Updated Monthly
Citation CYGNSS. 2018. CYGNSS Level 3 Science Data Record Version 2.1. Ver. 2.1. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at

For more information see Data Citations and Acknowledgments.

Journal Reference Ruf, C.S., C. Chew, T. Lang, M.G. Morris, K. Nave, A. Ridley, R. Balasubramaniam, 'A New Paradigm in Earth Environmental Monitoring with the CYGNSS Small Satellite Constellation', Scientific Reports, doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-27127-4, 2018.