NOAA Smith and Reynolds Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) Level 4 Monthly Version 4 Dataset in netCDF
DOI10.5067/ERSST-L4N40
Short NameREYNOLDS_NCDC_L4_MONTHLY_V4
DescriptionThe Smith & Reynolds Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) Level 4 dataset provides a historical reconstruction of monthly global ocean surface temperatures and temperature anomalies over a 2 degree spatial grid since 1854 from in-situ observations based on a consistent statistical methodology that accounts for uneven sampling distributions over time and related observational biases. Version 4 of this dataset implements release 2.5 of ICOADS (International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set) and is supplemented by monthly GTS (Global Telecommunications Ship and buoy) system data. As for the prior ERSST version, v4 implements Empirical Orthogonal Teleconnection analysis (EOT) but with an improved tuning method for sparsely sampled regions and periods. ERSST anomalies are computed with respect to a 1971-2000 monthly climatology. The version 4 has been improved from previous version 3b. Major revisions include updated and substantially more complete input data from the ICOADS release 2.5, revised EOTs and EOT acceptance criterion, updated SST quality control procedures, revised SST anomaly evaluation methods, updated bias adjustments of ship SSTs using the Hadley Centre Nighttime Marine Air Temperature dataset version 2 (HadNMAT2), and buoy SST bias adjustment not previously made in v3b. The ERSST v4 in netCDF format contains extended reconstructed sea surface temperature, SST anomaly, and associated estimated SST error standard deviation fields, incompliance with CF1.6 standard metadata.
Version4
Dataset TypeACTIVE
MeasurementSEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE RECONSTRUCTION > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > OCEANS
Processing Level4
CoverageNorth Bounding Coordinate: 90 degrees
South Bounding Coordinate: -90 degrees
West Bounding Coordinate: -180 degrees
East Bounding Coordinate: 180 degrees
Time Span: 1854-Jan-01 to Present
Granule Time Span: 1854-Jan-01 to 2020-Feb-29
ResolutionSpatial Resolution: 2 degrees (Latitude) x 2 degrees (Longitude)
Temporal Resolution: 1 Month
Platform/Sensor
NCEP GTS
Platform
Name: Global Telecommunication System Ship and Buoy In Situ Observations (NCEP GTS)
Orbit Period: 0.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 0.0 degrees
/
InSitu
SENSOR
Name: Ships and Moored and Drifting Buoys (InSitu)
Swath Width: -999.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

ICOADS
Platform
Name: International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS)
Orbit Period: 0.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 0.0 degrees
/
InSitu
SENSOR
Name: Ships and Moored and Drifting Buoys (InSitu)
Swath Width: -999.0 meters
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

ProjectReynolds SST (REYNOLDS_SST)
Data ProviderPublisher: NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
Creator: Smith, T., Reynolds, R.
Release Place: NOAA National Climatic Data Center, 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville, NC, USA
Release Date: 1981-Nov-07
Keyword(s)Reynolds, sea surface temperature, L4, Level 4, ersst, surface temperature
Questions related to this dataset? Contact podaac@podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
USER'S GUIDE
Citation Smith, T., Reynolds, R.. 1981. NCDC Smith & Reynolds Historical Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature Data Sets. Ver. 4. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at https://doi.org/10.5067/ERSST-L4N40

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