Global Mean Sea Level Trend from Integrated Multi-Mission Ocean Altimeters TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, OSTM/Jason-2, and Jason-3 Version 5.0
DOI10.5067/GMSLM-TJ150
Short NameMERGED_TP_J1_OSTM_OST_GMSL_ASCII_V5
DescriptionThis dataset contains the Global Mean Sea Level (GMSL) trend generated from the Integrated Multi-Mission Ocean Altimeter Data for Climate Research Version 5. The GMSL trend is a 1-dimensional time series of globally averaged Sea Surface Height Anomalies (SSHA) from TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, OSTM/Jason-2, and Jason-3 that covers September 1992 to present with a lag of up to 4 months. The data are reported as variations relative to a 20-year TOPEX/Jason collinear mean. Bias adjustments and cross-calibrations were applied to ensure SSHA data are consistent across the missions; Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) was also applied. The data are available as a table in ASCII format. Changes between the version 4.2 and version 5 releases are described in detail in the user handbook.
Version5
Dataset TypeACTIVE
MeasurementOCEANS > SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY > SEA SURFACE HEIGHT
Processing Level4
CoverageRegion: GLOBAL
North Bounding Coordinate: 66 degrees
South Bounding Coordinate: -66 degrees
West Bounding Coordinate: -180 degrees
East Bounding Coordinate: 180 degrees
Time Span: 1992-Dec-31 to Present
Granule Time Span: 1992-Dec-31 to 2020-Sep-08
ResolutionSpatial Resolution: 132 degrees (Latitude) x 360 degrees (Longitude)
Temporal Resolution: 10 Day
ProjectionProjection Detail: N/A
Platform/Sensor
OSTM/JASON-2
Platform
Name: Ocean Surface Topography Mission/Jason-2 (OSTM/JASON-2)
Orbit Period: 112.43 minutes
Inclination Angle: 66.04 degrees
/
AMR
SENSOR
Name: Advanced Microwave Radiometer (AMR)

OSTM/JASON-2
Platform
Name: Ocean Surface Topography Mission/Jason-2 (OSTM/JASON-2)
Orbit Period: 112.43 minutes
Inclination Angle: 66.04 degrees
/
POSEIDON-3
SENSOR
Name: OSTM/Jason-2 RADAR alitmieter (POSEIDON-3)
Swath Width: 5.1 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

JASON-1
Platform
Name: JASON-1 (JASON-1)
Orbit Period: 112.43 minutes
Inclination Angle: 66.04 degrees
/
JASON-1 Microwave Radiometer
SENSOR
Name: JASON-1 MICROWAVE RADIOMETER (JASON-1 Microwave Radiometer)
Swath Width: 22.9 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

JASON-1
Platform
Name: JASON-1 (JASON-1)
Orbit Period: 112.43 minutes
Inclination Angle: 66.04 degrees
/
POSEIDON-2
SENSOR
Name: JASON-1 RADAR ALTIMETER (POSEIDON-2)

TOPEX/POSEIDON
Platform
Name: Topography Experiment/Poseidon (TOPEX/POSEIDON)
Orbit Period: 112.43 minutes
Inclination Angle: 66.04 degrees
/
ALT (TOPEX)
SENSOR
Name: TOPEX ALTIMETER (ALT (TOPEX))
Swath Width: 5.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

TOPEX/POSEIDON
Platform
Name: Topography Experiment/Poseidon (TOPEX/POSEIDON)
Orbit Period: 112.43 minutes
Inclination Angle: 66.04 degrees
/
TMR
SENSOR
Name: TOPEX MICROWAVE RADIOMETER (TMR)
Swath Width: 5.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

TOPEX/POSEIDON
Platform
Name: Topography Experiment/Poseidon (TOPEX/POSEIDON)
Orbit Period: 112.43 minutes
Inclination Angle: 66.04 degrees
/
SSALT
SENSOR
Name: POSEIDON Solid State Radar Altimeter (SSALT)
Swath Width: 5.0 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

JASON-3
Platform
Name: Jason-3 (JASON-3)
Orbit Period: 112.0 minutes
Inclination Angle: 66.05 degrees
/
POSEIDON-3B
SENSOR
Name: POSEIDON-3B (POSEIDON-3B)
Swath Width: 5.1 kilometers
Description: Spacecraft angular distance from orbital plane relative to the Equator.

ProjectMaking Earth Science Data Records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs)
Data ProviderPublisher: GSFC
Creator: Beckley, B.; Yang, X.; Zelensky, N.P.; Holmes, S.A.;Lemoine, F.G.; Ray, R.D.; Mitchum, G.T.; Desai, S.; Brown, S.T.
Release Place: JPL
Release Date: 2021-Jan-08
Resource: https://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/MEaSUREs-SSH

Keyword(s)GMSL, sea level, trend, TOPEX, Poseidon, TOPEX/Poseidon, T/P, Jason-1, J1, OSTM, Jason-2, J2, Jason-3, J3, global mean sea level, radar altimetry
Questions related to this dataset? Contact podaac@podaac.jpl.nasa.gov
Direct Access
PO.DAAC DRIVEhttps://podaac-tools.jpl.nasa.gov/drive/files/allData/merged_alt/L2/TP_J1_OSTM/global_mean_sea_level
PO.DAAC Drive
Format (Compression)ASCII
Read Software
PUBLICATIONS
  • https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1717312115
    Nerem, R.S., B.D. Beckley, J.T. Fasullo, B.D. Hamlington, D. Masters, and G.T. Mitchum,2018. "Climate-changedriven accelerated sea-level rise detected in the altimeter era."Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201717312. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1717312115.
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.007
    Lemoine, F.G., N.P. Zelensky, D.S. Chinn, D.E. Pavlis, D.D. Rowlands, B.D. Beckley, S.B. Luthcke, P. Willis, M. Ziebart, A. Sibthorpe, J. Boy, V. Luceri, Towards development of a consistent orbit series for TOPEX, Jason-1, and Jason-2, Adv. Space Research, 46 (2010) 1513-1540, doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.007
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.008
    Zelensky, N.P., F.G. Lemoine, M. Ziebart, A. Sibthorpe, P. Willis, B.D. Beckley, S.M. Klosko, D.S. Chinn, D.D. Rowlands, S.B. Luthcke, D.E. Pavlis, V. Luceri, DORIS/SLR POD modeling improvements for Jason-1 and Jason-2, Adv. Space Research, 46(12), 1541-1558, 2010. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.05.008
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2010.02.020
    Ray, R.D., B.D. Beckley, F.G. Lemoine. Vertical crustal motion derived from satellite altimetry and tide gauges, and comparisons with DORIS measurements. Adv. Space Research, 45 (2010) 1510-1522, doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2010.02.020
  • https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013090
    Beckley, B.D., P.S. Callahan, D.W. Hancock, G.T. Mitchum, and R.D. Ray. 2017. On the cal-mode correction to TOPEX satellite altimetry and its effect on the global mean sea level time series. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122.https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013090.
  • https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL030002
    Beckley, B.D., F.G. Lemoine, S.B. Luthcke, R.D. Ray, and N.P. Zelensky. 2007. A reassessment of TOPEX and Jason-1 altimetry based on revised reference frame and orbits. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L14608, DOI:10.1029/2007GL030002.
USER'S GUIDE
GENERAL DOCUMENTATION
DATA CITATION POLICY
Citation Beckley, B.; Yang, X.; Zelensky, N.P.; Holmes, S.A.;Lemoine, F.G.; Ray, R.D.; Mitchum, G.T.; Desai, S.; Brown, S.T.. 2021. Global Mean Sea Level Trend from Integrated Multi-Mission Ocean Altimeters TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, OSTM/Jason-2, and Jason-3 Version 5.0. Ver. 5. PO.DAAC, CA, USA. Dataset accessed [YYYY-MM-DD] at https://doi.org/10.5067/GMSLM-TJ150

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For more information see Data Citations and Acknowledgments.

Journal Reference Beckley, B.D., P.S. Callahan, D.W. Hancock, G.T. Mitchum, and R.D. Ray. 2017. On the cal-mode correction to TOPEX satellite altimetry and its effect on the global mean sea level time series. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013090.